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potential strategies for coal mining issues in witbank

  • Battlelines drawn to save Mabola IOL News

    Feb 18, 2017 Johannes Nkonyane and his partner, Khanyisile, believe the proposed coal mine will bring jobs to the struggling rural economy and improve . that has never had a coal mine in Africa and of all the places to operate your first coal mine you choose a strategic water source area in a protected environment?

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  • Watership down: the reality of mining Mabola Oxpeckers

    Mabola is a strategic water source that feeds four of South Africa's major rivers, but the government has approved a licence to mine coal there. Oxpeckers broke the Concerns have also been raised over the possible introduction of chemical poisons that could contaminate the environment and underground water systems.

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  • Characterization of the coal resources of South Africa SAIMM

    past problems, together with strategies for mining small, disjointed thinseam resource blocks, is required Coalfield is a likely replacement of the Witbank Coalfield, simply because it has the potential 12 m) Lower, Middle (24 m),. Upper (0.81.2 m) Seams zone of potential economic interest the majority of coal west of.

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  • Emalahleni South African Cities Network

    The city and its economy are growing rapidly based on coal mining and associated activities such as power According to the Emalahleni Local Economic Development Strategic document (20112016) the following are These problems are driving both enterprises and residents away from the city to Middelburg.

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  • Case Study V* The Witbank Dam Catchment

    water environment. V.4.2 Water quality issues. Coal mining is a major potential source of diffuse water pollution. Sulphate is a good indior of salinity arising from this form of pollution. Approximately 7080 per cent of the sulphate load in the Witbank Dam chment emanates from diffuse sources and can be attributed to 

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  • Deformation due to mining activities Council for Geoscience

    potential risk to the safety of many people as well as the structures in which they work and live. One instance of subsidence Mining activities in the Witbank Coalfields also lead to surface subsidence due to mining acitivities. Here strategies can be formulated for the problems associated with environmental degradation.

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  • The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining in

    responses, and the issues of coal miners. It is based on desk top research, interviews, and interactions with affected communities and activists in the WitbankMiddelburg. Ermelo area, South Africa's most intensely worked coalfield. A number of coal mine managers, coal companies and the Chamber of Mines were 

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  • ZERO HOUR Centre for Environmental Rights

    Jun 24, 2014 The area has been described as a "coal treasure chest", where coal "simply bursts out of the ground"5, and when Witbank was renamed in 2006, it became eMalahleni, meaning "place of coal" in Nguni languages. But the province is also rich in nonmineral resources, such as high potential soils, strategic 

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  • Facing coal

    31. Facing coal. Changing conceptions of South. African coalbased pollution, with special reference to the Witbank coalfield, 19061978. Michal Singer Environment and labour: Twin costs of coal mining in Witbank, .. See Turton, A., 'SA water and mining policy: A study of strategies for transition management' April.

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  • THE SOUTH AFRICAN COAL MINING INDUSTRY Journal of

    The South African Coal Mining Industry: A Need for a More Efficient and Collaborative Supply Chain. Part of the challenge in the industry. This study seeks to address some of these challenges by demonstrating the need for a more through implementing strategies that allow for collaboration, integration, and the sharing.

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  • Future Water Reuse and other Marginal Water Use Possibilities

    Mine water (70%). Witbank Prison WWTW. 2.74. N/A. N/A. These is an agreement in place to reuse some 8 million m3/a of waste water of Polokwane at a mine for . Figure E7: Decant water from coal mines in the Witbank chment The potential impacts, both positive and negative, that must be considered with the.

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  • Optimum Coal Mine: striving towards a 'zero effluent' mine

    In developing a sustainable longterm mine water management strategy, numerous scenarios had to be analysed. The various The mean annual rainfall for Optimum Coal Mine based on a 80year rainfall record is 687 mm, while the annual potential evaporation for the area is estimated at roughly 1 700 mm. The mine 

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  • A Review of the Current Strategy for Capping Mining Spoils IMWA

    Oct 23, 2009 This paper is a desktop review with limited laboratory testing of potentially viable of alternative strategies for capping of opencast spoils from coal mines in the Witbank area. Options considered include the blending of spoils with soil and options to add ash where practical. The laboratory testing indies 

    Online
  • Mapping surface sources of acid mine drainage using IMWA

    Mapping surface sources of acid mine drainage using remote sensing: case study of the Witbank, Ermelo and. Highveld coalfields. Emmanuel Sakala1,2, Francois Fourie2, Modreck Gomo2, strategies for the protection of water resources. The potential AMD sources in the subsurface are usually starved of oxygen (a.

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  • the assessment of topsoil degradation on rehabilitated coal discard

    This study investigates coal discard cover soil fertility and its potential for degradation, particularly in terms of its salinisation and acidifiion potential. Seven rehabilitated coal discard dumps in the Witbank, Ermelo and Newcastle regions were used as study areas. All areas were rehabilitated with a cover soil layer, 

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  • The Role of Legislation and Management Practices in the Coal

    Feb 21, 2011 The economic development of South Africa has relied heavily on coal mining and water quality is plans, a supportive but strict regulatory environment and decisionmaking processes based on sound, scientific .. Typical stratigraphic columns in the Witbank Coalfield (simplified after. Smith and Whittaker 

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  • Mapping surface sources of acid mine drainage using IMWA

    Mapping surface sources of acid mine drainage using remote sensing: case study of the Witbank, Ermelo and. Highveld coalfields. Emmanuel Sakala1,2, Francois Fourie2, Modreck Gomo2, strategies for the protection of water resources. The potential AMD sources in the subsurface are usually starved of oxygen (a.

    Online
  • Management of Environmental Impacts from Coal Mining in the

    Up to five separate bituminous coal seams are present, of which all but the lower two are potentially acid generating (Pinetown et al., 2007). Mining in the Witbank coalfield, the most productive in South Africa (Figure 3), commenced in 1895 (Snyman, 1998). Despite the large number of producing mines, this coalfield has not 

    Online
  • Case Study V* The Witbank Dam Catchment

    water environment. V.4.2 Water quality issues. Coal mining is a major potential source of diffuse water pollution. Sulphate is a good indior of salinity arising from this form of pollution. Approximately 7080 per cent of the sulphate load in the Witbank Dam chment emanates from diffuse sources and can be attributed to 

    Online
  • mining for development? a socioecological study on the witbank

    Nov 24, 2011 Furthermore, this does not take into account the realisation of "new coal markets," potentially significantly more viable than South African coal mining, drawing into question the economic livelihoods of communities dependent upon coal mining. 2.3.1. Research Locus: Rietspruit Colliery. The issue of coal 

    Online
  • Mapping surface sources of acid mine drainage using IMWA

    Mapping surface sources of acid mine drainage using remote sensing: case study of the Witbank, Ermelo and. Highveld coalfields. Emmanuel Sakala1,2, Francois Fourie2, Modreck Gomo2, strategies for the protection of water resources. The potential AMD sources in the subsurface are usually starved of oxygen (a.

    Online
  • WWFSA has produced a report on our coal and WWF South Africa

    impacts on water quality in the Olifants chment where coal mining has happened over the last 100 years. It also examines how This fact should always guide Government thinking in terms of strategic loion of coal mines when confronted with potential impacts on water supplies. Fig 1. The coal and water nexus 

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  • Welcome to Khwezela Colliery Anglo American

    Feb 1, 2017 The site was launched in December 2016 by Coal South Africa CEO July Ndlovu and eMalahlani executive mayor, Councillor Lindiwe Ntshalintshali and has the potential for 30 years of coal mining. The landmark event was celebrated at our Witbankbased Centralised Services precinct the midway point 

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  • A Review of the Current Strategy for Capping Mining Spoils IMWA

    Oct 23, 2009 This paper is a desktop review with limited laboratory testing of potentially viable of alternative strategies for capping of opencast spoils from coal mines in the Witbank area. Options considered include the blending of spoils with soil and options to add ash where practical. The laboratory testing indies 

    Online
  • Management of Environmental Impacts from Coal Mining in the

    Up to five separate bituminous coal seams are present, of which all but the lower two are potentially acid generating (Pinetown et al., 2007). Mining in the Witbank coalfield, the most productive in South Africa (Figure 3), commenced in 1895 (Snyman, 1998). Despite the large number of producing mines, this coalfield has not 

    Online
  • mining for development? a socioecological study on the witbank

    Nov 24, 2011 Abstract. Coal mining on the Highveld has historically served, and continues to serve as an indissoluble cog in. South Africa's accessibility and availability of coal, in particular from the Witbank coalfield. The core issue concerns the disembedding of social costs related to mining, including mine closure,.

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  • The Health Impact of Coal The responsibility that coalfired power

    May 20, 2014 Health impacts due to poor ambient air quality on the Mpumalanga Highveld . . concentrated around eMalahleni (formerly known as Witbank), and over the last 100 years of coal mining, a complied "coal dynamic" has been imposed (CER 2014, Strategic Environmental Management. Solutions 2013).

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  • environmental impact assessment process BankTrack

    Feb 20, 2007 Strategic Environmental Focus. Makecha Development Association Proposed Coal fired power station and associated infrastructure in the Witbank area: Final. Environmental Impact Report. .. ASSESSMENT OF POTENTIAL IMPACTS AND POSSIBLE MITIGATION MEASURES. 49. 5.1 Introduction .

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  • mining for development? a socioecological study on the witbank

    Nov 24, 2011 Furthermore, this does not take into account the realisation of "new coal markets," potentially significantly more viable than South African coal mining, drawing into question the economic livelihoods of communities dependent upon coal mining. 2.3.1. Research Locus: Rietspruit Colliery. The issue of coal 

    Online
  • Sources of acid mine drainage University of Pretoria

    Mining methods. 29. 5.1.2. Coal preparation. 30. 5.1.3. Transport and storage. 30. 5.1.4. Uses of coal. 31. 5.1.5. Coal in the environment. 33. 5.1.6. Clean coal . The coal minIng and power generating industries of the Witbank and . recently, the potential for a new mine to generate AMD was often not adequately.

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